Hammer toe is a deformity of the foot that reasons an strange curve within the middle joint. The condition is usually correctable with surgical operation, however determining the underlying reason is essential to save you a recurrence. With help from your podiatrist, you can slender down the possible supply of your condition through searching at your fitness historical past, circle of relatives history, and way of life. An intensive examination and imaging tests, including x-rays, can be ordered to test for muscle, ligament, or bone injuries. Here is a take a look at the most common reasons and how they occur.
1. Earlier injuries
A past harm can every now and then result in a hammer toe, specifically if the situation runs in your circle of relatives and is inherited. Poor recovery after breaking a bone within the foot is often a contributing aspect. Toes are the most usually broken bones, and you can now not even realise that one of the small bones is damaged or fractured. When you have a damage or fracture, you may enjoy swelling, pain, weak point, tenderness, bruising, and/or numbness.
Rheumatoid arthritis (ra) is an autoimmune sickness that steadily assaults joints inside the frame, usually the small joints in the hands and ft. In reality, greater than 90% of people with ra develop signs and symptoms inside the ankle and foot. As arthritis weakens the joints, the ft can begin to stiffen and curl.
3. Unwell-fitting shoes
Carrying shoes that are too tight or slim can lead to the improvement of hammer feet. As high heels normally motive cramped toes, the condition takes place more often in girls than in men. The ordinary bending of the arch in high heels can placed excessive stress at the foot, inflicting a muscle imbalance that impacts the joints.
A bunion is a commonplace circumstance wherein a bony bump develops at the bottom of the big toe, inflicting joint pain and swelling. Bunions can arise for a number of reasons, along with peculiar on foot conduct, negative-fitting footwear, injuries, or certain neuromuscular disorders. Bunions can contribute to the condition, frequently ensuing in the need for surgery to accurate both deformities.
5. Excessive arch
A very excessive arch, additionally known as hole foot, can purpose a number of foot troubles. Many humans with a high arch do no longer have signs, however those who do may also revel in a shortened foot, ache while walking, status, or running, or problem locating secure footwear. A high arch is generally resulting from a bone situation, that may contribute to the progression of the deformity.
6. Tight tissues
While ligaments and tendons in the foot become unnaturally tight, hammer toes can broaden. The most common causes of tight ligaments and tendons encompass repetitive use or overuse of the fibrous, connective tissues, postural imbalances, prior injuries, ageing, and sure medical issues, including diabetes and thyroid disorder.
If the deformity isn’t always right away handled, people can also suffer from persistent ache and can have difficulty walking. The situation can every now and then be handled with a splint, and by making easy modifications like sporting flat, wider shoes. Physical activities may also be helpful. In extreme cases, surgery carried out by way of an skilled podiatrist may be had to straighten out the joint. For extra statistics on hammer ft and their causes, contact a podiatrist in your region.